Addressing Hardware concerns:
To open the case there are screws holding it down and then there are little tabs holding the lid on around the edges, use a small flat head screw drivers to pry (carefully) open the sides and then pull off the lid.
Heat can be an issue but it easily fixable with the following:
1. Put some holes in the unit’s lid for more airflow
2. Replace the thermal paste with Arctic Silver 5 (keep the gummy thing around the smaller cpu/gpu thing but expose the cpu/gpu so you can put paste on it -that gummy thing is to prevent the thermal paste from conducting with the resistor and capacitor contacts-
Was running at around 70*C while doing nothing and now runs at 65*C at full tilt.
Flash the BIOS
Make sure to flash the bios as it does not come with a version that can support 4GB of RAM. Its called the NTA3500 (its a Nano Barebone), here is their website link:
Make a boot capable USB drive with this application:
Download directly should the above go bye bye: SP27608
You will need these files for the boot image that the above application will ask for:
Download directly: win98boot
Here is a tutorial if you get lost:
See tutorial below if the above link disappears.
To install XBMCbuntu:
Download XBMCbuntu 11
Make a bootable USB drive for BIOS flashes:
2. Run the installer and follow the simple on-screen instructions
3. Extract the contents of “win98boot” to a location readily accessible
4. Run the HP USB Disk Storage Format Tool that was just installed. Choose your flash drivefrom the drop down list at the top. Also make sure that the file system is set to FAT32.
5. Under Format Options tick the “Create a DOS startup disk” option. Click the “…” button near the empty text box to browse to the location of where you extracted the Windows 98 MS-DOS System Files (see step 3).TipTick “Quick Format” under Format Options to speed the process up (if you don’t want a comprehensive format). You may also want to give the drive a label by typing one in theVolume Label text field
6. Click the “Start” button.WarningAfter you click the “Start” button , you will be given one final prompt that warns you that the flash drive selected will be formatted. This is your last chance to backup data on the drive; after you click yes it will be too lateTipYou may remove the files extracted from the archive “win98boot”, they are not needed anymore
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: Why would a MS-DOS USB Drive be useful today? Wasn’t that included in older Operating Systems?
A: MS-DOS was the underlying layer of the Windows 9x series of Operating Systems (Windows 1-ME) that was the “functionality” of the system. A MS-DOS bootable disc can be used to run many recovery tools (still used today) and also update the BIOS of the computer. If you are running an x64 system with no floppy drive and a manufactuer who only provides a 16-bit BIOS updater, this method is the only way to update your BIOS.
Q: I checked my flash drive after applying the steps above and it is empty? What gives?!
A: Unless the option to show protected operating system files is checked in folder options, Windows will hide these files due to their attributes matching that of system files. Don’t worry, the relevant files are still there
Q: Alright I successfully completed the steps above, now what do I do?
A: Now you can download the tool you wanted to run (such as CHKDSK) or your BIOS update application (from the manufactuer) and place the files on to the root of the flash drive. You can find most tools by doing a simple google search
Q: My flash drive has been converted to the MS-DOS System Disc and I have some tools/BIOS revisions on the drive as well, how do I boot up MS-DOS?
A: This will largely depend on your model of computer but you will need to restart you computer with the flash drive plugged in and boot to the drive by means of a boot menu or by modifying your BIOS to boot to the flash drive first. Consult the manual of your computer or the respective manufactuer’s website for further details.
Q: I have no further need for the MS-DOS System Disc, how can I remove it from my flash drive?
A: You may format the flash drive with the built in Windows format utility or you may format it by using the HP USB Disk Storage Format Tool that was used above.
Follow these steps to use a USB drive to install XBMCbuntu:
Insert a USB stick with at least 2GB of free space
- Select Ubuntu Desktop Edition from the dropdown list
- Click ‘Browse’ and open the downloaded ISO file
- Choose the USB drive and click ‘Create’
We would encourage Mac users to download Ubuntu Desktop Edition by burning a CD for the time being. But if you would prefer to use a USB, please follow the instructions below.
Note: this procedure requires an .img file that you will be required to create from the .iso file you download.
TIP: Drag and Drop a file from Finder to Terminal to ‘paste’ the full path without typing and risking type errors.
- Download the desired file
- Open the Terminal (in /Applications/Utilities/ or query Terminal in Spotlight)
- Convert the .iso file to .img using the convert option of hdiutil (e.g.,
hdiutil convert -format UDRW -o ~/path/to/target.img ~/path/to/ubuntu.iso)
- Note: OS X tends to put the
.dmgending on the output file automatically.
diskutil listto get the current list of devices
- Insert your flash media
diskutil listagain and determine the device node assigned to your flash media (e.g. /dev/disk2)
diskutil unmountDisk /dev/diskN(replace N with the disk number from the last command; in the previous example, N would be 2)
sudo dd if=/path/to/downloaded.img of=/dev/rdiskN bs=1m(replace
/path/to/downloaded.imgwith the path where the image file is located; for example,
/dev/diskmay be faster.
- If you see the error
dd: Invalid number '1m', you are using GNU dd. Use the same command but replace
- If you see the error
dd: /dev/diskN: Resource busy, make sure the disk is not in use. Start the ‘Disk Utility.app’ and unmount (don’t eject) the drive.
diskutil eject /dev/diskNand remove your flash media when the command completes
- Restart your Mac and press
altwhile the Mac is restarting to choose the USB-Stick